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Giulio DI TORO

par Anne PAUL, Anne REPLUMAZ, Jérôme WEISS, Mathilde RADIGUET - 3 août 2016 ( dernière mise à jour : 16 décembre 2016 )

Pour télécharger la vidéo (clic droit —> Enregistrer sous) : [http://podcast.grenet.fr/episode/giulio-di-toro_fault-weakening-mechanisms-in-carbonate-bearing-rocks-during-earthquakes/]

  • Fault weakening mechanisms in carbonate-bearing rocks during earthquakes

  • Giulio DI TORO, University of Manchester (UK)
  • that earthquake physics is controlled by the mineral reactions and phase changes triggered by the passage of the seismic rupture and, as a consequence, by the rheology of the reaction products. Here, by exploiting the results of (1) field and microanalytical studies conducted on natural fault products, and (2) experimental studies reproducing the extreme deformation conditions typical of seismic slip, we will discuss the mineral reactions and phase changes concomitant to and responsible of fault weakening in carbonates during earthquakes.. Moderate to large earthquakes (e.g., Wenchuan Mw 7.8, 2008; L'Aquila Mw 6.1, 2009) often rupture and propagate along faults in carbonate-bearing rocks (dolostones, limestones, marbles, etc.). Because of the large stresses (hundreds of MPa at >10 km depth) and slip rates (about 1 m/s ) involved, a large amount of frictional work rate (product of frictional shear stress per slip rate) is dissipated along faults during earthquakes. The frictional work rate can be so large (1 to 100 MW m-2) as to grind and mill the rock (producing particles of nanometric size, or nanopowders) and trigger mechanically- and thermally-activated chemical reactions. Under these extreme deformation conditions, the fault surfaces in carbonates are separated by fluids or other tribochemical products (nano-powders, amorphous and decarbonation products, etc.). It follows that earthquake physics is controlled by the mineral reactions and phase changes triggered by the passage of the seismic rupture and, as a consequence, by the rheology of the reaction products. Here, by exploiting the results of (1) field and microanalytical studies conducted on natural fault products, and (2) experimental studies reproducing the extreme deformation conditions typical of seismic slip, we will discuss the mineral reactions and phase changes concomitant to and responsible of fault weakening in carbonates during earthquakes.
  • 17 novembre 2016, 11 h 00

    Salle de conférence, 1er étage

  • OSUG-C, 1381 rue de la piscine, Campus Universitaire
  • Arrêt Tram B/C Bibliothèques universitaires
  • Version PDF

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