17 June 2013
PhD title: Records in garnet pyroxenites from the Beni Bousera peridotites massif (Rif, Morocco) of the magmatic and metamorphic evolution of a mantle body during its exhumation.
Supervisors: Christian Chopin, Fabrice Brunet and Gilles Chazot
Funding: BDI – CNRS
PhD defended: 15/06/2012
The petrological study of garnet pyroxenites from the orogenic Beni Bousera massif (Rif, Morocco) brings important constraints on the conditions of its uplift. The garnet pyroxenites which contain graphite aggregates formed at asthenospheric levels, as indicated by the preservation of submicrometric diamonds in these aggregates. The original macrodiamonds belonged to the primary paragenesis along with garnet and pyroxenes as indicated by the composition of silicate inclusions now included in the aggregates. The primary silicates record temperatures in the order of 1200°C but could have formed at higher temperature. A first stage of uplift in the asthenosphere probably led to the graphitization of diamond. Further on, within a thinned and hot lithosphere (80-100 km thick), primary clinopyroxene first decomposed into lamellar Cpx and Opx before garnets were further exsolved. The growth of these secondary garnets took place below the blocking temperature of Mg-Fe exchanges between garnet and pyroxenes (ca. 1050°C at 15-20 kbar). Symplectite rims formed around garnet while the massif reached the lower crustal levels composed of kinzigite, at a depth of around 30-40 km. A late heating event led to partial melting of the pyroxenites as evidenced by the presence of silicate films preserved in the graphite aggregates and the occurrence of interstitial amphibole and plagioclase. Previous events of mantle metasomatism are testified by the presence of amphibole and phlogopite in a garnet websterite and in a spinel peridotite.